My quest in understanding survey led me to believe that, it is the application of scientific knowledge used to obtain the dimensions of a portion of land. The major reasons for carrying out land surveys include; certifying land ownership, obtaining data for construction and drawing maps. Surveying practices have a vast history dating to as far as 2500 BC among the Egyptians. An example of land survey portrayed during the ancient period was, ‘beating the bounds’ which was practiced by the Welsh and English natives. Though survey in itself is a wide topic, this entry will focus more on original and common survey types within Canada.
common survey types that I came across include topographic survey, hydrographic
survey, Geodetic survey, and Cartography. Each of these survey types is
performed differently and provides specific details about a terrain.
Cartography, for example, is the most basic which expresses the distance
between two points on a map by drawing a line and using an angle or two between
the points. Hydrography describes the water features of terrain such as rivers,
streams and the coastline. Geodetic on the other hand is unique since it caters
for the earth’s curvature and shows accurate points on the earth’s surface.
Another major survey type in Canada is the topographic survey which indicates
the elevation of different surfaces.
From the research I conducted, I believe it is safe to say that land survey has existed for a better part of our civilized past as humans, dating back to as far as 2500 BC. Land survey as a practice has played a pivotal role in the establishment of civilizations by paving way for construction and map drawing. A clear example was ‘beating the bounds’, which was practiced by the English. Canada specifically utilizes a number of survey types which helped map out certain features on the terrain. These features mapped out include waterways, elevation, and the distance between different locations.
This has indeed been quite the ideal learning experience of a life time, I have definitely learnt a lot from Land administration and can’t wait to implement them in the real world.
For this response entry I created a plot layout of my proposed land retrieved using SNB planet system with PAN number 00589664 , current owner:Fraser,Dale E. I had to choose a different parcel because my earlier choice didn’t have any information under the historical database portal.
For this week's reflective entry , I choose to reflect more on the topic real property law. I decided to expand my horizon research to Nigeria, Africa. Starting out this entry without defining the term "Real Property Law" would be iniquitous on my part. Real property is referred to as any subset of land that has been improved through legal human actions, it also entails the right of use, control and disposition of the land and its attached objects. Now property law is a law that governs the various forms of ownership and tenancy in real property and in personal property within the common law legal system. Now property law in Nigeria is practiced in a latitudinous manner, a lot of focus is placed on dealings and laws applicable to these dealings in tangible or real property(land).
Nigeria just like any other country has a precised process for acquiring parcels of lands, this includes: A. First settlement: A parcel of land can be acquired through this means by deforestation by the original owners of the land and they earn the right to do this by obtaining ownership rights as the first owners. A perfect example would be lands acquired by a cultural family. This worked perfectly in the early 90's but not so much now.
B. Land Inheritance: A land is acquired using the transfer of devolution methodology, this requires the transfer of ownership rights through wills and assent.
C. Land As A Gift: The original owners of the land voluntarily gives out the land to possible recipients without any required means of payment. This is very common in Nigeria strictly for investment purposes.
D. Conquest: This system can mostly be found in remote rural areas (i.e. villages) where a piece of land is given to the winner of a tribal war between different tribe warriors. This was common in the 90's.
E. Sale of Land:This is a transfer of interest in land by the seller to any interested party for a given price. This is the most common and popular means of acquiring ownership in Nigeria till date.
In Nigeria , properties are transacted through various means. A few means can be through pledges, leases,license, mortgage,sales,gifts etc and you can exercise your ultimate right over a land by having certain proofs or evidences such as legal documents, traditional evidences(kins men or family tiles that can back you up on your claim)etc. This was a really interesting topic because for the longest time, I was never exposed to the legal aspects of acquiring a land, so learning about this broaden my knowledge on property rights.
Below are some really interesting articles I found, should you be interested in learning more about this topic. https://gettingthedealthrough.com/area/34/jurisdiction/18/real-estate-nigeria/ https://www.proshareng.com/articles/Proshare-Law/Real-Estate-Investments-&-Rent-Control-Laws-in-Nigeria./1612 https://guardian.ng/features/title-critical-issues-in-nigerian-property-law/
I choose to focus on the systems of land registration for this week's reflective assignment and decided to create a brief comparison cycle on how the Land registration works in Nigeria, Japan and Canada. It was really interesting learning about the registration process of proprietary interests in lands. It got me thinking about how the same system works in Nigeria which happens to be my country of origin. Now a land registry as we all know plays the functional role of documenting all made land transactions, however a land registration system on the other hand plays a functional role of determining, recording and publicizing information about the ownership, value and use of land.The land system differs between the various states but is heavily enforced in Lagos state where it requires any document pertaining to a parcel of land has to be registered at a land registry, failure to do this automatically makes any claim of rights of ownership void and a void document cannot be held admissible by a court of law should you decide to plead a case.
On the other hand, the land registration system in Japan strictly operates on a registration by contract principle.Their land registration system adapts a real estate registration framework which involves registering lands and buildings as houses on ground and are processed separately. It was interesting to know that laws set in place to govern these registration processes have no plausibility about them, it clearly states that"Any publicity of real estate, or setting, conservation, turnover, alteration of the nigh rights including ownership, surface rights, permanent tenancy, easement, priority privilege, pledge rights, mortgage, rental rights and mining rights, and limitation or revocation of behaviors need to be registered in the government or local office of legal affairs." A typical land registry would include a false registration(a temporary registration of the property rights when they are changed and are meant to take effect immediately but have failed to complete the related formalities), a mark registration(a record showing the actual property rights change on legal booklets to authenticate the consistency of registration) and a cancellation registration.
Canada also operates on a similar system, it demands that all records including privately owned lands must be registered with the government.
This was truly a fun and intriguing topic to study and learn about, I'm so blown away as to how much I've learnt so far about land administration.
LAND REGISTRATION IN NIGERIA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES - CASE STUDY LAGOS STATE By AWOLAJA Adekunle ‘Gbenga(2017). Retrieved from https://slideplayer.com/slide/4357452/
Xu Jian. Land Registration Systems and Inspirations from Japan, Hongkong and Other Countries and Regions [J]. Chinese and Foreign Real Estate Guide, 1998(16):44-47.Retrieved from http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jbm/papers/Vol18-issue7/Version-4/E1807043140.pdf
For this question I choose the recent pepsi commercial that was premiered during the just concluded super bowl game. The commercial featured the likes of actor Steve Carell who is well known for his hardcore roles in movies and tv shows, Cardi B who is well known for dominating the hip-hop music industry at the moment and Lil Jon who is also an American actor. After watching this commercial I would say the use of pathos and ethos were implemented. An interesting question would be how?Well, this is how: Ethos: It is easier to make a decision or buy a product when someone you trust and respect signs off on it. So when a celebrity or an esteemed societal figure endorses a product, It validates that product on the consumer's end. Pepsi took advantage of this by including these three esteemed characters, thereby convincing the public audience of it's good value. Basically saying if Cardi B, Steve Carell and Lil Jon love drinking pepsi, you should too because they're supposedly living their best life in the public eye and you as a die hard fan should be loyal enough to purchase the drink.
Pathos: Most companies implement this in their ads to stir the emotions of viewers and we both know emotions has a way of creating responses and this triggers consumers to buy these products.In this Ad, you can hear Steve Carell relating shooting stars, puppies, the laughter of a small child to a question asked by the server"IS pepsi okay?". He ended up convincing the lady that had ordered for a drink with these illustrations and ended his argument with a solid statement"Pepsi is more than Okayyy" Okurrr........
2. Case: Kingston_v_Highland_1919
Case Citation Kingston v. Highland , 47 N.B.R 324(ncccva 1991)
This case is important for a surveyor trying to determine the boundaries of a parcel of land because It highlights what a surveyor ought to do in this situation. Case: To determine the division line between the northern and southern halves of Lot E, and did the defendant in operating the land,encroach or cut beyond the southern boundary of the northern half of it.
Why This Case Is Important For a Surveyor The boundary of the parcel of land was marked using a line by both parties. A surveyor when called upon should locate the location of the original line (if possible), find stakes, monuments and marked measurements that can determine the boundary line of the property. It is the duty of the surveyor not to ascertain that the boundary line is lost until he has thoroughly examined the land and discover that the line is untraceable and even if this is the case, should hesitate a bit to avoid making hasty decisions. Also he is responsible for asking probing questions surrounding how the boundary line was originated, how and why the lines were then located as they were,and whether a claim of title has always accompanied the right of possession.
Reading Module VI:Kingston_v_Highland_1919.Retrieved February 22, 2019 from https://lms.unb.ca/d2l/le/content/150197/viewContent/1550036/View
3. Part "1" All that certain lot 26, situated in the township of East Hawkesbury County of Prescott, and province of Ontario, more particularly described as follows:
Beginning at monument I.B, the southwest corner of lot 26, moving at a distance of 220 ft on an azimuth of N16 degrees 51 minutes 30 seconds E to reach the northwest corner of the lot 26 ;along the line of part 2 of the lot; thence moving 199 ft along the boundary line for part 1 and part 2,13 feet from and opposite to a wire fence of the lot on an azimuth of S69 degrees 29 minutes 30 seconds E to get to the northeast corner of the lot;thence move a distance of 220 ft on an azimuth of N16 degrees 51 minutes 30 seconds W to get to the the southeast corner; thence westerly a distance of 209 ft on an azimuth of N67 degrees 20 minutes 30seconds W to the point of beginning